Известия Академии наук Республики Таджикистан. Отделение биологических и медицинских наук, №3-4, 2013 г.
|Article title and abstract||Pages|
Mealy bugs of genus of
(Borchs.) (Homoptera, Coccinea, Pseudococcidae) faunae of Tajikistan
In the article, attributive table, information about specific structure, distribution, biological and ecological properties and also qualitative and quantitative variations of mealy bugs Peliococcus (Borchs.) depending on ecological conditions of habitat and their feed pattern are given.
Ключевые слова: мучнистые червецы; систематика; кормовая специализация; олигофаги; полифаги; вариация микропризнаков; Таджикистан; mealy bugs; taxonomy; feeding specialization; oligofagy; polyfagy; variation of microindication; Tajikistan.
|Kadyrov A.X., Yakubova D.Sh., Dadabaev X.R.|
Dominanting types bugs of the sort
(Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) from Takob gorge (Tadjikistan)
Materials for the first time are given in article on distribution and ecology of 13 dominanting species of bugs of the sort Philontus of the gorge Takob (Tadzhikistan).
Ключевые слова: Таджикистан; ущелье Такоб; фауна и экология Staphylinidae; Philontus; Tajikistan; the gorge Takob; fauna and Staphylinidae ecology; Philontus.
|Atoev M.H., Ergashev A.E., Abdulloev A.A., Djumaev B.B.|
The growth, development and productivity of wheats in the condition of chloride salinization of soil
The research works showed that there will appear considerable changes in parameters of efficiency of species of durum and soft wheat under the influence of chloride salinization of soil of 0.3%. Particularly, the salinization has made appreciable effect on length of the main stalk, weight of plants, length of internodes, length and weight of ear, number and weight of grains оn an ear. It is shown that species of soft wheat are more salt-tolerant than species of durum wheat.
Ключевые слова: пшеница; почвенное хлоридное засоление; солеустойчивость; рост; развитие; продуктивность; wheat; chloride salinization of soil; salt resistance; growth; development; productivity.
|Mirzorahimoy K.K., Ikromi M.B., Giyocov T.J.|
Phenol compounds of quince and their usage
We have studied the process of extraction of phenol compounds of quince and their physical and chemical properties. Based on the results we have developed a method of extraction of phenol compounds and showed possibilities of their use as a food dye.
Ключевые слова: айва; фенольные соединения; экстракция из древесины; пищевые продукты; quince; phenolic compounds; extraction of wood quince; foods.
Use of preparations of naftachinon’s group in case of theileriosis in cattle
Results of use of the group of naftachinon preparations (klekson, buparvaquom and parvaquon) in treatment of cattle theileriosis are summarized. It was found their high curative efficacy in treatment of theileriosis.
Ключевые слова: крупный рогатый скот; тейлериоз; паразитемия; тейлерия; инвазия; терапия; cattle; Theileriosis; parasitoid; invasion; Theileria; therapy.
|Olimova K.S., Abdullayeva N.Sh., Mirakilova A.M.|
Evaluation of risk factors of frequently sick children
The document states characteristic of health indicators, impact of social conditions of life and labour of mothers to the antenatal and perinatal periods, growth of a child during the first year of life and nature of the feeding of 175 children. Major risk factors are determined as forming groups of sickly children which are: the young age of mother, inadequate material and life conditions (34.6%), lack of sanitary culture and nutrition (36.6%), high frequency of extragenital (84.4%) and gynecological diseases (31.7%), the highest infection index of women during pregnancy (54.4%), retardation of intrauterine growth (22.8%), intensive therapy in the period of newborn (13.8%), "self-medication" with the use of antimicrobial drugs (27.4%), early transfer to artificial feeding (18.8%).
Ключевые слова: качество жизни; часто болеющий ребёнок; факторы риска; quality of life; sickly child; rick factors.
|Nazarov F.N., Gulmuradov T.G., Nazarov H.N., Yorov U.U., Mirzoev Z.R.|
Diagnostic and therapeutic videolaparoscopy in abdominal trauma
This paper analyzes the results of surgical treatment of abdominal trauma in 204 patients admitted to the Department of Surgery of Khatlon Regional Clinical Hospital named after B. Vahidov. Output parsed for concluded that the use of emergency videolaparoscopy avoids wasted laparotomy in 18.6% patients with abdominal trauma.
Ключевые слова: неотложная видеолапароскопия; травма живота; диагностическая и лечебная видеолапароскопия; emergency videolaparoscopy; abdominal trauma; diagnostic and therapeutic videolaparoscopy.
|Makhmadov F.I., Rafikov S.R., Kuzratov F.H., Kurbonov K.M.|
Some approaches laparoscopic surgery "difficult" gallbladder
Presents an analysis of results of surgical treatment of 79 patients with "difficult" gallbladder undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. During laparoscopic cholecystectomy authors developed a number of methods used for diagnosis and prevention of iatrogenic injuries. The duration of hospital stay after surgery was 4,9±1,1 days. Conversion was performed in 3 patients, conducted after suboperatsionnoy cholangiography, which revealed anomalies gepatoholedoha, including Mirizzi syndrome III-type (n=2) and a short cystic duct (n=1). Analysis of the studies revealed the effectiveness of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Ключевые слова: жёлчнокаменная болезнь; «трудный» жёлчный пузырь; лапароскопическая холецистэктомия; синдром Мириззи; cholelithiasis; "difficult" gallbladder; laparoscopic cholecystectomy; Mirizzi syndrome.
|Vahobzoda P., Dustov A., Sharipov V.Sh.|
Syndrome of chronic duodenal obstruction (the pathogenesis and diagnosis)
On the bases observed 95 patients including 75 patients with Chronic duodenal obstruction combined with duodenal ulcer disease and 20 patients only with duodenal ulcer disease . The control group consisted of 25 healthy people. It is determined that for patients with chronic duodenal obstruction combined with duodenal ulcer characteristic was the reduction of serotonin levels and increased the level of histamine in the blood compared with healthy individuals, that is evidence of the important role of biogenic amines in the pathogenesis of this syndrome. It is shown that gastrosintigraphy on chronic duodenal obstruction is an objective method of assessing the state of the motor-evacuation of the stomach and duodenum, and their finding is correlated with other methods of research. Gastrosintigraphy in assessing of motor-evacuation function of the stomach in its pathology can completely replace radiography.
Ключевые слова: хроническое нарушение дуоденальной непроходимости; язвенная болезнь двенадцатиперстной кишки; рентгенодиагностика; сцинтография; серотонин; chronic disorders of duodenal obstruction; duodenal ulcer disease; radiography; serotonin.
|Rakhmonov R.A., Madaminova T.V.|
Depressive disorders in patients with progressive muscular dystrophy
The study of the presence and degree of depressive disorders in 19 patients with various forms of progressive muscular dystrophy and determine the degree of disability of patients and the level of depends on degree of disability of depression is presented in this work. The study found that depressive disorders are characteristic of patients with progressive muscular dystrophy and their severity greater in patients with a higher degree of disability.
Ключевые слова: прогрессирующие мышечные дистрофии; депрессивные расстройства; progressive muscular dystrophy; depressive disorders.
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