of National Academy of Sciences
of Tajikistan

News of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.
Department of Biological Sciences

Известия Академии наук Республики Таджикистан. Отделение биологических и медицинских наук, №2, 2014 г.

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Hisoriev H.H.
On phytogeography of the freshwater algae
There some questions of the phytogeography of the freshwater algae are discussed. It is shown that flora of the Euglenophyta algae genetically different and consists with geography different elements (boreal, boreal-mountain, ancient Mediterranean and multiregional) elements. Boreal (34%), multiregional (24.5%) and boreal-mountain (23.0%) elements are dominant.

Ключевые слова: фитогеография; пресноводные водоросли; Phytogeography; freshwater; algae.

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Yusupov Y., Vahobov M.
Introduction of wild karatavsky onion in culture
In the article the results of analysis of wild ornamental onion phases development in culture conditions are given. The color difference of flowers, terms of stalks phase onset, blossoming and ripening of seeds between the type «karatavsky onion» and its form «white karatavsky onion» are found. The methods of their practical use in ornamental floriculture are proposed.

Ключевые слова: интродукция; материнские луковицы; размножение; фазы развития; introduction; maternal bulbs; reproduction; development phases.

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Sadikov H.H., Vatanshoeva N.A.
Some rare species and threatened with extinction plants basin Iskander
The article presents the individual plant species basin Iskander, who are threatened with extinction. Author proposes strengthening their protection.

Ключевые слова: Красная Книга Таджикистана; редкие и находящиеся под угрозой исчезновения виды; охрана; Red Data Book of Tajikistan; rare and endangered species; protection.

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Beknazarova Kh.A.
Biological features and introducion of ability Regel in conditions Pamir Botanical Garden
In clause are resulted the item of information received in 2001-2012 years, about introduction the species hazel grouse F.eduardii Regel in conditions of Pamir Botanical Garden. Is revealed, that each year enters conditions of culture a hazel grouse F.eduardii Regel not in generation a phase of development. During ten years' supervision only three years of plants has passed a complete cycle of an individual rhythm of development.

Ключевые слова: интродукция; рябчик Эдуарда; рост; развитие; ареал; семенная продуктивность; introduction; hazel grouse; growth; development; areal; seed efficiency.

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Nurmamatov A.M.
Mealy bugs of genus of Šulc (Homoptera, Coccinea) of fauna of Tajikistan
In this article the results of the research on specific structure, distribution, biology, feed pattern and also qualitative and quantitative variations of mealy bugs of genus of Heliococcus Šulc of fauna of Tajikistan are given.

Ключевые слова: мучнистые червецы; определительная таблица; морфологические признаки видов; экологические условия; полифаги; монофаги; Таджикистан; mealy bugs; attributive table; morphological signs of species; ecological condition; polyfags; monofags; Tajikistan.

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Pokivajlov A.A., Nazarova Sh.D.
History research orthopteran insects (Orthoptera) in the South-Western Tajikistan
History research orthopteran insects the South-Western Tajikistan are describe. Periods and directions research characteristic for region are pick out.

Ключевые слова: прямокрылые; Юго-Западный Таджикистан; история; фауна; экология; зоогеография; Orthoptera; South-Western Tajikistan; history; fauna; ecology; zoogeography.

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Kadyrov A.Kh., Yakubova D.Sh., Dadabaev Kh.R.
Systematic list of family Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) of the slope southern Gissar mountains
In article are for the first time provided the systematic list of 38 genus sey 188 species of bugs Staphylinidae family of the slope southern Gissar mountains.

Ключевые слова: Таджикистан; систематический список; фауна; вид; Staphylinidae; Tajikistan; systematik list; fauna; species; Staphilinidae.

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Abdulamonov A.K., Abdulamonov K.
Results of test samples of a grade of soft wheat winter sowing in Tajikistan and Afgan Badakhshan s parts
Researches showed that for introduction in irrigation lands of Tajikistan and Afgani Badakhshan s parts at the heights of 1000-2000 meters above sea level, for winter sowing are recommended to introduce in agricultural production a grade of soft winter wheat Bludon and samples № 6 and №7 which significantly exceed standard grades on productivity of grain and possess high resistance to drowning and diseases.

Ключевые слова: мягкая пшеница; сорт; форма; урожайность зерна; устойчивость к полеганию и заболеваниям; soft wheat; grade; form; productivity of grain; resistance to drowning and diseases.

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Yakubova Z.H.
Baseline conditions in the structure of morbidity among children of early age
Research covers the structure and causes of baseline conditions among 80 children of early age with the bronchus and pulmonary pathologies. By the data of the author, perinatal, medical and social and infectious factors cause high frequency of baseline conditions with signs of anemia in 57.5% of children, hypotrophy - in 43.7%, rachitis - in 22.5% and diathesis in 15 % of children. Combination of two or more modifying factors was discovered in 42.5% patients. It was established that the age is the leading factor. The prevalence of children with poor health in their first year of life is 65%. They had background specific anatomic and physiological conditions. By the opinion of the author, the baseline conditions are main indicators of unfavorable prognosis of bronchus and pulmonary pathology with development of complicated conditions in 64.7% of children, as they had poor state of health at early age.

Ключевые слова: перинатальный риск; анемия; рахит; гипотрофия; вскармливание; модифицирующие факторы; микронутриенты; perinatal risk; anemia; rachitis; hypotrophy; breast feeding; modifying factors; micronutrients.

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Kadirov D.M., Vosiev A.S.
Percutaneous transhepatic preoperative biliary drainage in the treatment of the obstructive jaundice
The comparative analysis of the results of traditional one-phase and two-phase operations with the use of percutaneous biliary drainage under the control of US with obstructive jaundice are presented. The traditional operations were accompanied by high frequency of postoperative complications (29.1%) and lethality (8.7%), the primary reason of which was hepatocerebral insufficiency. Two-phase operations were used in obstructive jaundice B and C. Preliminary percutaneous biliary drainage promoted regression of hepatodepression, allowing reducing the risk of second phase of operation and led to frequency reduction of postoperative complications (11.3%) and lethality (1.6%).

Ключевые слова: механическая желтуха; хирургическое лечение; миниинвазивная технология; чрескожное билиарное дренирование; двуэтная хирургическая тактика; obstructive jaundice; surgery; mini invasive technology; percutaneous biliary drainage; two-phase surgical approach.

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Saburova A.M., Kurbonov K.M., Nazirboev K.R., Gulov M.K., Jumaev J.H.
The biochemical changes in blood serum and liver during calculous cholecystitis with diffuse liver disease
In this article based on biochemical study of liver bioptates and blood serum during calculous cholecystitis (ratio of respiratory coenzymes reduction, intensification of free radical oxidation, enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants reduction) the presence of non-specific chronic reactive hepatitis was determined . Based on these results the complex treatment with antioxidant remaxol was suggested.

Ключевые слова: калькулёзный холецистит; хронический неспецифический реактивный гепатит - дыхательные коферменты; перекисное окисление липидов; антиоксидантная система; ремаксол; calculous cholecystitis; non-specific chronic reactive hepatitis; respiratory enzymes; lipid peroxidation; antioxidantive system; remaxol.

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Ismoilov S.S., Gulshanova S.F., Tagoev S.H.
Thyroid hormones after kidney transplantation
The correlation between renal graft function and thyroid hormone levels among 126 studied patients with chronic renal failure, the people of Tajikistan after related transplantation of kidney is studied . At 44(34.9) % the first time thyroid disease (diffuse toxic goiter, nodular goiter or diffuse-nodular goiter) is diagnosed, at 82 (65.1%) showed no thyroid pathology. At patients with light and middle level of thyrotoxicosis with different function of graft during the early post operation period increased level of thyroid hormones is returning to the true rates.

Ключевые слова: гормоны щитовидной железы; хроническая почечная недостаточность; трансплантация почки; thyroid hormones; chronic renal failure; kidney transplantation.

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Adamkhanova Z.A., Anvarova Sh.S., Pirmatova M.A.
Osteopenic syndrome in patients with diabetes mellitus type I illness
The article includes information on osteoporosis pathogenic mechanisms development in patients with diabetes mellitus type I. The evidence based facts on bones mineral density level reduction associated with insulin insufficiency and as a result metabolic disorders, micro-vascular diabetic complications level rise in this category of patients is provided.

Ключевые слова: сахарный диабет 1 типа; инсулин; минеральная плотность костной ткани; остеопенический синдром; diabetes mellitus type 1; insulin; bone mineral density; osteopenic syndrome.

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