Известия Академии наук Республики Таджикистан. Отделение биологических и медицинских наук, №2, 2015 г.
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|Beknazarova Kh.A., Navruzshoev D.|
Biological features and introducion ofability
Regel in conditions Pamir botanical garden
In this article the item of information received in 2002-2006 years, about introduction the species O. magnifica Regel in conditions of Pamir botanical garden are present. Is revealed, that each year enters conditions of culture O. magnifica Regel is generation a phase of development. During five years' supervision all five years of plants has passed a complete cycle of an individual rhythm of development.
Ключевые слова: интродукция; островския величественная; рост; развитие; ареал; introduction; Ostrowskia; growth; development; areal.
|Khudoydodov B.I., Karimov G.N., Davlatov Kh.O., Razikov Sh.Sh.|
Effeciency suspensions levafas diamond and vermizol at gelmintosis of sheep
In the article Test result products of levafas diamond and vermizol -20% against major helminthes of sheeps are presents. It was found that the drug levafas diamond has a high anthelmintic activity against dicroceliosis, moniesiosis and strongylatosis of sheeps (EE - 92%, and IE - 100%) and vermizol 20% has a high anthelmintic efficiency against moniesiosis and strongylatosis (EE - 100% and IE - 100%) and low efficiency against anthelmintic dicroceliosis (EE - 75%, and IE - 65%).
Ключевые слова: овцы; антигельминтики; левафас диамонд; вермизол; дегельминтизация; эффективность; sheep; antihelmintics; levafas diamond; vermizol; deworming; efficiency.
|Jumaev B.B., Mirzoev B., Madaminov A.A., Abdullaev A., Safarov E.H., Karimov Kh.H.|
Some physiological and biochemical characteristics ferula kuhistanica (
The physiological and biochemical parameters of basal and cauline leave of the same plants are distinguished from each other are revealed. It is shown that the content of chlorophyll a, the amount of chlorophyll a+b, carotenoids of basal leaves of vegetative plants predominate over basal and cauline leaves generative individuals ferrule. The potential rates of photosynthesis in the stem leaves generative plants are superior over basal leaves individuals without and with generative shoots is determined. All leaves ferrule regardless of the location, more than 50% of the labeled carbon in the activated sugar, including sucrose. This is indicative of carbohydrate orientation of photosynthetic carbon metabolism in leaves ferrule.
Ключевые слова: ферула; фотосинтез; метаболизм углерода; хлорофилл; каротиноиды; общий азот; сырой протеин; листья вегетативных и генеративных особей; ferule; photosynthesis; carbon metabolism; chlorophyll; carotenoids; total nitrogen; crude protein; leaves of vegetative and generative organs.
|Tagaeva Kh.E., Olimov R.A., Rasulov B.R., Aliev K., Karimov M.B.|
Influence of new synthetic growth regulators F-1 and F-2 on seed germination of wheat
The results of influence of natural and synthetic growth regulators on wheat seed germination and growth are present. The positive impact of plant growth regulators on seed germination and growth by using low concentrations (0.001%) are shown. It was found that the plant regulators F-1 and F-2 at low concentrations, promoted the growth and development of roots in wheat germ.
Ключевые слова: регуляторы роста; выживаемость; развитие; энергия прорастания; пшеница; growth regulators; survival; growth vigor; wheat.
|Gyasov T.J., Yakubova M.M., Muhojir M.H.|
Ontogenetic dynamics of morphophisyological description of height leaf of cotton
Morphophisyological features over of ontogenetic dynamics of height of leaves of different forms of cotton plant are brought and the necessity of account of integral position of height comes into question at comparative phisyologic-biochemistry researches.
Ключевые слова: хлопчатник; сорт; форма; лист; онтогенез; скорость роста; cotton; sort; form; leaf; ontogenesis; speed of reaction.
|Otambekova M.G., Soliev B.T., Husenov B.Yu., Mahkamov M.A., Muminjanov H.A.|
Flour quality of new bread wheat varieties for bread-baking
New wheat varieties combining the best values for cultivation and use are needed in production. Thus, major objectives of the wheat breeding in Tajikistan are breeding resistant varieties, particularly to the rust diseases, as well as with high yielding potential and better baking quality. Results of bread-making qualities evaluation of new Tajik bread wheat varieties (Triticum aestivum L. ) are discussed in the paper. Particular attentions are given to gluten content and quality, water absorption properties of flour, falling number, protein content and other quality parameters. Results showed differences among the varieties, where varieties Norman, Alex, Ziroat 70, Yusufi and Sadokat showed higher bread score compare to other varieties.
Ключевые слова: пшеница; белок; клейковина; количество и качество клейковины; фаринограф; wheat; protein; gluten; gluten content and quality; farinograph.
|Rajabov U.R., Rakhimova R.N., Sattorov N.R., Ermamadova S.G., Kozikhonov A.U.|
Synthesis and biological properties dibazinkat
Coordination compounds of zinc with dibazole. On this basis, developed anewdrug dibazinkat, highly effective for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
Ключевые слова: координационные соединения; цинк; синтез; дибацинкат; дибазол; фунгицидный; coordination compounds; zinc; synthesis; dibazinkat; dibazole; fungicidal.
|Komilov F.S., Mirzoev S.H., Akobirzoda F., Ergashboev I.|
Mikrobiologic bases for computer modeling of fishpond ecosystem
In this work it is noted that for building computer-mathematical model of fishpond ecosystem identical to biological processes in it, it is necessary to take into a detailed consideration all trofical levels of ecological system. In the article the shaping of phytoplankton and bacteria biomasses is considered as united interconnected microbiologic process. It is shown that running processes in a fishpond are a basis on which all further biological processes of the material recycle and transformations of organic material following food chain up to fish.
Ключевые слова: модель; компьютерное моделирование; экосистема; рыбоводный пруд; рыба; зоопланктон; фитопланктон; бактерия; биомасса; микробиологический процесс; газовый режим; model; computer modeling; ecosystem; fishpond; fish; zooplankton; phytoplankton; bacteria; biomass; microbiologic process; gas mode.
|Khidirov M.A., Yakubova M.M., Ganiev N.H., Irgasheva D.Z., Mirodjov G.K., Mirshakhi M.|
Stem cells and organs regeneration
Stem Cells (SC) represent an important source of regeneration of the amazed organs and tissues. By means of SC it is possible to carry out direct transplantation of Cells which can restore structure of organs and tissues. The regenerative potential of Stem Cells is based on their properties to self-updating in a current of long time, ability to a differentiation and transformations to specialized Cells. SC can be used successfully not only for treatment of many diseases, but also for cultivation of various organs in vitro.
Ключевые слова: стволовая клетка; регенерация; пораженные органы; the Stem Cells; the regeneration; the amazed organs.
|Hojamurodova J.A., Kosimova S.I., Khairidinova S.S.|
Hyperprolactinemia and infertility in iodin deficiency region
In the article analyzed the current scientific literature on the issue of infertility and hyperprolactinemia in the region of iodine deficiency. Analyze the etiology and pathogenetic aspects of development and clinical features of hyperprolactinemia, research methods and treatment of infertile women with hypothyroidism.
Ключевые слова: женское бесплодие; гиперпролактинемия; йоддефицитные заболевания; галакторея; female infertility; hyperprolactinemia; iodine deficiency disorders; galactorhea.
|Anvarova Sh.S., Pirmatova M.A., Sitdikova L.H.|
The content of D3 vitamin and condition of bone system in patients with the syndrome of hyperprolaktinemiya in Tajikistan
In the article the results of bone tissue condition in 56 patients with the syndrome of hyperprolactinemia are presents. In the process of research, the osteopenic syndrome was diagnosed in 44.6% of patients, patients having an osteopenia - 30,4% and osteoporosis - 14.2%. Diagnosed significant (P˂0.05) reduction of vitamin D in the blood serum of these patients, which can be regarded as a predictor the development of osteopenic syndrome.
Ключевые слова: гиперпролактинемия; минеральная плотность костной ткани; остеопения; остеопороз; витамин Д3; hyperprolactinemia; bone mineral density; osteopenia; osteoporosis; vitamin D3.
|Kamilova M.Y., Arabova S.U., Rahmatullaeva D.M., Gulakova D.M.|
Changes of apoptosis markers and endocrine profile with threatened miscarriage in woman
The dates of hormones levels (progesterone, estradiol, HCG) and apoptosis markers (SOD and FAS-L) in woman with risk loss pregnancy until 13 weeks of gestation was presented. The significant increasing HCG, FAS-L and decreasing SOD levels, positive correlation connection between progesterone and FAS-L levels, negative correlation connection between progesterone and SOD was shown. The obtained dates confirm, that the risk lose of pregnancy have a bad effect on formation of trophoblastic and placenta.
Ключевые слова: апоптоз; маркёры; гормоны; угроза прерывания беременности; apoptosis; markers; hormones; pregnancy loss risk.
|Azimova S.M., Odinaev R.I.|
Pregnancy and chronic viral hepatitis B
It was found that pregnant women in Tajikistan is most often observed mutant variant of chronic hepatitis B, which is characterized by bright clinical and biochemical change of liver and complications during pregnancy and childbirth.
Ключевые слова: вирус гепатита «В» у беременных; серологические маркёры; hepatitis B virus in pregnant women; serological markers.
|Sultonov Sh.R., Sattorov A.M., Shakhanov A.Sh., Zaymuddinov B.M.|
The method of surgical treatment of congenital hydronephrosis, caused by extra vessels
The improved method recovery of renal pelvis of the ureter at hydronephrosis, with children caused by extra vessels of these authors is efficient, postoperative complications are minor by the number of patient-day, which is reducing, and besides that this method is quite simple. On the basis of studying postoperative results for 5 years, it was established that this method is for 95.9% effective.
Ключевые слова: врождённый гидронефроз; аберрантный сосуд; добавочный сосуд почки; дети; congenital hydronephrosis; aberrant vessels; accessory vessels kidney; children.
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