of National Academy of Sciences
of Tajikistan

News of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.
Department of Biological Sciences

Известия Академии наук Республики Таджикистан. Отделение биологических и медицинских наук, №4, 2015 г.

Article title and abstractPages
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Niyatbekov T.P.
Taxonomical conversion Centric diatoms (Bacillariophyta, Сеntrophyceae) waterbodies Pamir
New data on the morphology and taxonomical conversion centric diatoms from the orders Coscinodiscales, Thalassiosirales, Aulacosirales for waterbodies Pamir are presented.

Ключевые слова: диатомовые; Bacillariophyta; Coscinodiscales; Thalassiosirales; Aulacosirales; морфология; таксономические преобразования; Памир; diatoms Pamir; Bacillariophyta; Coscinodiscales; Thalassiosirales; Aulacosirales; morphology; taxonomical conversion.

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Nurmamatov A.M., Kabulov B., Nurmamatov I.A.
Features of ecology and harms of mealybug Comstock ((Kuw.)) in Tajikistan
In the article, it is given the detailed results of the research on biology, distribution, harms and feed pattern of mealybug Comstock and the steps to fight against it in Tajikistan. It is clarified that this kind of pest makes three generations a year in Hisar Valley. The rating of biological efficiency of insecticides (karate, fastac, decis, poytrinum) that is used for the pest has been determined.

Ключевые слова: червец Комстока; биология; имаго; личинка; поколения; насекомое; вредитель; mealybug Comstock; biology; imago; larva; generation; insect; pest.

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Shihshabekov M.M., Abdullaeva N.M., Marenkov O.N., Rasulov A.Kh.
Changes in structure of oocytes in the process of development and growth on the example of cyprinids
The data for the analysis of the internal morphology of oocytes carp and goldfish are presented. Discovered particular passage of morphogenesis and modification characteristics in cytoplasm of oocytes of two species of fish of Cyprinidae family.

Ключевые слова: оогенез; трофоплазматический рост; ооциты; вакуоли; желточные оболочки; дифференциация; карповые рыбы; оogenesis; trophoplasmatic growth; oocytes; vacuole; yolk membrane; differentiation; carp fish.

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Bondarenko D.A., Ergashev U.H., Nazhmudinov T.A.
Materials distribution to landscape and environment central asian tortoise (Gray, 1844) in Southern Tajikistan
Provides information to supplement the knowledge of the spatial distribution and ecology of the Central Asian turtles in the landscapes of Southern Tajikistan. Quantitative surveys conducted in the form of 18 points. On routes with a total length of more than 87 km of 620 individuals met. The highest population density of turtles in excess of 20ºC. Мarked on the foothills of the loess ridges of Karatau and Teriklitau. The most abundant species habitats surveyed ranged from 1 to 10 ind. Collected materials on sex and age composition of populations of turtles, its food and enemies (predators and parasites).

Ключевые слова: среднеазиатская черепаха; Agrionemys horsfieldii; плотность населения; экология; Таджикистан; Central Asian tortoise; Agrionemys horsfieldii; population density; Ecology; Tajikistan.

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Otambekova M.G., Husenov B.Yu., Mahkamov M.A.
Wheat landraces in farmers’ field in Tajikistan
The main findings of the national wheat landraces survey in farmers’ field, their inventory, collection and conservation conducted during 2013-2015 are discussed in the paper. As it is stated, some farmers in mountainous areas until now grow local wheat varieties, however area of the landraces decreasing every year. Results of the studies and drawn conclusion highlight importance of conservation of rich local wheat gene pool for further improving the crop.

Ключевые слова: пшеница; староместные сорта; урожайность; генетические ресурсы; изменение климата; wheat; landraces; yield; genetic resources; climate change.

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Muminshoeva Z.
Cytogenetic analysis of the local variety wheat and breeding values
Cytogenetic analysis was performed on 625 accessions of wheat collection, revealed differences in the karyotype of the somatic cells of roots-the first stage of mitosis, determine the viability of the pollen grains in the pollen mother cells (PMC) and fertility spike in flowers. To clarify the patterns of inheritance of agronomic properties carried out the selection of the phenotype constant determinacy genetic traits of wheat varieties and breeding are given their evaluation.

Ключевые слова: пшеница; мейоз; митоз; хромосомы; кариотип; пыльца; цветок; wheat; karyotype; meiosis; mitosis; chromosomes; pollen; flowers.

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Ismoilov M.T., Felaliev A.S., Felaliev R.S.
The perspectives of horticulture development and economical effectiveness of apple cultivation in western districts of Gorno-Badakhshan
In this article are shown the perspectiv of horticulture development in Gorno-Badakhshan and also it is brought up computation of economic effectiveness of cultivation of more prevalent sorts and forms of apple in these conditions.

Ключевые слова: перспективы садоводства; эффективность; сорта и формы плодовых; Горный Бадахшан; perspective; horticulture; effectiveness; sort and forms; Gorno-Badakhshan.

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Mirzoev D.M., Odinaev K.A., Yosupov H.A.
Cultivation of rabies virus
Achievements in the study of rabies, and improved means of combating it does not allow us to consider the problem of this disease completely resolved. A detailed study of the virus will make a major step forward in the cultivation of the virus, rabies vaccine prevention, standardization of quality rabies vaccines manufactured methods of their application, the improvement of laboratory diagnosis of rabies.

Ключевые слова: культура клеток; матрикс; вирион; бешенство; возбудитель; строение; резистентность; классификация; репродукция; титр; цитоплазма; штамм; cell culture; matrix; virus; rabies; pathogen; structure; resistance; classification; titer; cytoplasm; strain.

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Bobokhojaev O.I., Nuraliev M.M.
Hepatotoxic reactions of chemotherapy for TB patients
The problem of hepatotoxic reactions of TB patients has significant clinical and biochemical importance since their pathogenic mechanisms, potential diagnostic methods, occurrence are not the fully defined. The most pronounced hepatotoxicity among first-line anti-TB drugs have rifampicin, isoniazid and his pro-derivatives, pyrazinamide.

Ключевые слова: гепатотоксический эффект; туберкулез; печень; изониазид; пиразинамид; рифампицин; нepatotoxic reaction; tuberculosis; hepar; isoniazide; pyrazinamide; rifampicin.

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Mullodzhanov G.E., Ashurov G.G., Ismoilov A.A.
Possibilities of three-dementional cone-ray's computer tomography in planning and increasing quality of implantological dentistry help
In the article are given results of the use of three-dimensional cone-ray's computer system with digital video- and x-ray under orthopedic treatment of occlusion defect with use of dental implants beside 96 somatic patients. Exact algorithms three-dimensional cone-ray's computer tomography when planning and execution dental implantation warn the breaches of wholeness cortical plate of the bottom maxillary sinuses, nose cavity, damages mandible's nerve, vestibular or оральной wall of alveolar offshoot in zone supposed to implantations.

Ключевые слова: зубочелюстная система; конусно-лучевая трехмерная компьютерная томография; соматическая патология; нижнечелюстной канал; верхнечелюстная пазуха; teeth-jaw's system; three-dimensional cone-ray's computer tomography; somatic pathology; channel of mandible; sinus of upper jaw.

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Shomurodova B.S., Tairov U.T., Muzaffari M.
The use of herbal remedies in complex treatment of periodontal disease
The article presents the literature on herbal remedies used in the treatment of periodontal disease. Along with physiotherapy and orthopedic correction presents the treatment of periodontal diseases by plant-based preparations. It is shown that the inclusion of herbal medicine in complex treatment of periodontitis is effective due to their multi-faceted and versatile actions.

Ключевые слова: пародонт; фитопрепараты; комплексное лечение; periodontal; herbal remedies; comprehensive treatment.

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Ikromov M.K., Zikirjakhodzaev D.Z., Azizov K.N., Nazirmadova M.B., Sobirov M.M.
Surgical treatment of youthful angiofibroma of nasopharynxes with temporary cording of an external carotid
The article describes results of surgical treatment in 46 patients with youthful angiofibroma of nasopharynxes in two groups: I group (n=19) includes the patients with youthful angiofibroma of nasopharynxes with temporary cording of an external carotid on the operation side; II group (n=27) (control) are the patients with youthful angiofibroma of nasopharynxes who doesn’t run temporary cording of an external carotid. Efficiency of the temporary cording of an external carotid such as reduction of volume postoperative blood loss, improvements of an operational field control and radical removal of a tumor is shown. All patients were with I-IIIB stage of malignant process according to U.Fish classification modified by R.Andrews. Relapses are established in 3 patients in control group they run repeated surgical interventions. The offered method of surgical intervention is characterized by cost-effectiveness and adequate removal of tumor in the area of nasopharynx.

Ключевые слова: юношеская ангиофиброма; хирургическое лечение; перевязка наружной сонной артерии; youthful angiofibroma; surgical treatment; cording of an external carotid.

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Ganiev B.I., Shamsutdinov SH.N., Bahtibekov A.M., Mirodjov G.K.
in the lining of the top departmentsDigestive tract in Hepatic encephalopathy
The authors have shown that the hepatic encephalopathy observed infection of the mucous membrane of the upper digestive tract H.pylori, which increases the level of nitrogenous wastes and progresses the condition of patients. Appointment of H. pylori drugs significantly reduce the level of urea, creatinine, and improves the clinical condition of patients.

Ключевые слова: печеночная энцефалопатия; H.pylori; антихеликобактерная терапия; hepatic encephalopathy; H.pylori; H. pylori therapy.

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Kurbonov K.M., Rasulov N.A., Nazirboev K.R.
Immediate and remote results endoscopic papillosphincterotomy
The article analyzes the immediate and long-term results of endoscopic papillosphincterotomy from 1266 patients with benign diseases zhёlchevyvodyaschey system. After the endoscopic retrograde transpapillary interventions in the early postoperative period in 112 patients had specific postendoskopicheskie complications. The main causes of complications is the technical and tactical medical errors when performing diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, as well as anatomical changes in the area of ​​the major duodenal papilla. Seclusion postendoskopicheskimi papillosphincterotomy complications are jaundice 4%, 1.7% suppurative cholangitis main causes of restenosis which is the major duodenal papilla and inadequate pre-operative treatment of concomitant cholangitis.

Ключевые слова: жёлчевыводящие пути; большой дуоденальный сосок; доброкачественные заболевания; эндоскопическая папиллосфинктеротомия; рестеноз; bile duct; the major duodenal papilla; benign disease; endoscopic papillosphincterotomy; restenosis.