of National Academy of Sciences
of Tajikistan

News of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.
Department of Biological Sciences

Известия Академии наук Республики Таджикистан. Отделение биологических и медицинских наук, №4, 2016 г.

Article title and abstractPages
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Suyunkulov Kh.T.
Flora taxonomical analysis of Ak-Chop, Ak-Bel and Supe-Tau Ridge
The article presents the taxonomic analysis of the flora ridge Ak-Chop, Ak-Bel and Supe-Tau and justified accessories this flora to the Turan desert flora povince.

Ключевые слова: флора; таксономический анализ; туранская провинция; flora; taxonomy analysis; turan province.

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Khayrov Kh.S.
Population dynamics and harmfulness of locusts (Orthoptera: Acrididae) in Southwestern Tajikistan
The article presents data on the study of distribution and estimation of the number of certain types of locust - Calliptamus italicus, Dociostaurus maroccanus and Locusta migratoria . To determine the place of clutches of eggs, the number of egg capsules, larvae and adults per m and clarified place flares Moroccan locust in some area of South-Western of Tajikistan.

Ключевые слова: cаранчовые; стадные; перелётная саранча; мароккская саранча; итальянский прус; Юго-Западный Таджикистан; locusts; gregarious; locusts of passage; moroccan locust; the italian locust; South-Western of Tajikistan.

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Mirzoev N.M., Rasulov A.Kh., Saidov A.S.
Ihtiofauna of lakes Buluncul Pamir
The article has information about ichthyofauna of Bulunkul Lake and considers the questions of morphology, biology, lengths and weight of Schizopygopsis stoliczkai . and Nemachilus stoliczkai.

Ключевые слова: озеро Булункуль; ихтиофауна; лжеосман-нагорец; тибетский голец; нерестовый период; икрометание; Bulunkul lake; ichthyofauna; Nemachilus stoliczkai; Schizopygopsis stoliczkai; reproduction period; spawning.

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Yakubova M., Marodmamadova N.G., Kurbonov M.M.
The selenium content of some herbs Tajikistan
The article presents the results of a study of selenium in some medicinal plants of Tajikistan. It was found that the highest content of selenium, there is a part of Astragalus and then ginkgo biloba and spurge. In the future, based on them can create drugs have adaptogenic and anti-hypoxic action.

Ключевые слова: селен; лекарственные растения; человек; селенодефицит; selenium; drug plants; humen; selenodefitsit.

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Faizulloeva M.M., Bobizoda G.M.
Study of complex formation of triptophane and dipeptide of isolaicle-triptophane with zinc ion by metric titration method
Using the pH-metric titration method, widely used in the study of the complexation of metals with protein substances, the process of complexing the zinc ion with tryptophan and dipeptide of isoleucyl tryptophan has been studied. The experimental dissociation constants of amino acids and peptide for isoleucine, tryptophan and dipeptide of isoleucyl tryptophan have been determined. For analysis and detection of the composition of the resulting coordination compounds, the isomolar series method and the second derivatives of their UV spectra were used.

Ключевые слова: complexation; tryptophan; dipeptide of isoleucyl-tryptophan; pH-metric titration method; isomolar series method.

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Abdulamonov K., Abdulamonov A.K., Nekkadamova F.G., Mazambekova Z., Jongirov J.O., Shakarshoev G.I.
Selection and seed-growing of grain crops and potatoes in Mountainous Badakhshan
The article test results conducted local wheat varieties and the breeding of near and far abroad to yield the total dry weight, grain yield, resistance to lodging and yellow rust. The results of long-term tests have shown that only wheat Atoy-85 and varieties of Afghan Badakhshan, Sadiras belokolosiy, Sadiras krasnokolosiy, created a hybrid M.d. 65 to yield resistance to lodging and yellow rust significantly more than standard varieties of wheat Safedak Ishkashim. These accessions were introduced in agricultural production of GBAO. In the period ahead winter soft wheat variety Bludon and hybrid M.d. 76.54 will also be implemented in production farms area.

Ключевые слова: Горный Бадахшан; пшеница; сорта и образцы; селекция; испытания; урожайность; Mountainous Badakhshan; wheat; types and forms selection; testing; harvesting.

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Saidzoda M., Long Chao, Kong Zhe, Peng Peng, Xiao Jun
Forest degradation in Tajikistan - the underlying causes and the possibility of its prevention
In this article, the analysis conducted by the leading specialists of the forestry sector of the Republic of Tajikistan jointly with the experts from APFnet, which sets out brief information about the state forest Fund of the Republic of Tajikistan, general information about the forests of the Republic of Tajikistan, forest area, main tree species, the volume of forest rehabilitation and afforestation, wood forest resources and changes in the forest Fund over the last 25 years, new approaches to forest management including joint forest management, factors affecting forest management, as well as problems, barriers arising and ways to overcome and the solution of problems of sustainable forest management is given.

Ключевые слова: управление государственным лесным фондом; совместное управление лесами; лесопользователи; management of the state forest fund; joint forest management; forest users.

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Kurbanov U.A., Odinaeva M.S., Davlatov A.A., Dzhanobilova S.M.
Features of diagnostics in patients with posttraumatic nasal deformities
The article emphasized the urgency of the issue, analyzes the characteristics of the diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic nose deformities. The comparative evaluation of conventional radiography with computed tomography examination of the nose, emphasize the advantages of the latter. Particular attention is is paid to anthropometric measurements of the face, rhinoscopy, photographic documentation and their practical value.

Ключевые слова: нос; посттравматическая деформация носа; компьютерная томография; риноскопия; антропометрические измерения лица; фотодокументация; nose; post-traumatic deformity of the nose; computed tomography; rhinoscopy; anthropometric measurements of facial; photo-documentation.

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Muminjonov S.A., Odinaev Sh.F., Faizulloev Kh.T.
Significance of the kallikrein-kinin system of blood in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease
The main indicators of the kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) of blood in 77 patients with different forms of coronary heart disease (CHD) were investigated. Ischemic processes in the myocardium expressed compensatory activation of the kallikrein-kinin system of blood, accompanied by an increasing of kallikrein, reducing of kinin-forming component- prekallikrein and kallikrein inhibitory capacities (£ -1 antitrypsin and £ -2 macroglobulin). Prolonged activation of the kallikrein-kinin system of blood in myocardial infarction becomes "chronic" with the depletion of prekallikrein and inhibitory capacities, being the main cause of the formation of complications. These conditions allow the use of kallikrein kinin system as an evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment and prognosis.

Ключевые слова: ишемическая болезнь сердца; калликреин-кининовая система; Ischemic heart disease; kallikrein-kinin system.

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