of National Academy of Sciences
of Tajikistan

News of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.
Department of Biological Sciences

Известия Академии наук Республики Таджикистан. Отделение биологических и медицинских наук, №4, 2017 г.

Article title and abstractPages
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Safarov N.M.
Botanical and geographic analysis of the Central Pamir-Alai flora
The article presents the botanical-geographical analysis and comparative characteristics of the Central Pamir-Alai flora with other regions of the Central Asia, as well as the ecological-bio-morphological assessment of species diversity. The article describes the characteristics of large families and genera of the Central Pamir-Alai flora.

Ключевые слова: анализ; флора; жизненная форма; семейство; род; Центральный Памиро-Алай; analysis; flora; life form; family; genera; Central Pamir-Alai.

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Boymurodov J.S.
Morphological characteristic of species of the genus of L. of Hissar range
The morphological description of some species of the genus INULA L. (elecampane) growing on the southern slope of the Hissar range is given. It is shown that of the 10 species of elecampane present in the flora of Tajikistan, 6 occur in the study area.

Ключевые слова: девясил; морфологическая характеристика; лекарственное значение; Гиссарский хребет; Inula; morphology; medicinal value; Hissar mountain range.

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Garibmamadov G.D.
New finds nest of rose-colored starling (L) in South-West Tajikistan
The article contains data on the distribution, reproduction and ecology of rose-colored starlings in South-West of Tajikistan.

Ключевые слова: розовый скворец; распространение; гнездование; места обитания; Юго-Западный Таджикистан; Rose-colored Starling; distribution; nesting; habitats; South-West of Tajikistan.

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Pokivailov A.A., Khayrov Kh.S., Nazarova Sh.D., Rashidova Z.F.
Some results collectanea of locust (Orthoptera, Acrididae) on ultraviolet illumination of light traps in South-Western of Tajikistan. Report 1
The article gives data on the species composition of locusts trapped in light traps.

Ключевые слова: саранчовые; световые ловушки; ультрафиолетовое излучение; locusts; ultraviolet illumination; light traps.

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Ubaydullo M.O., Yakubova M.M., Kurbonov M.K.
Study of biologically active substances from the lagenariya (Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Stendl.)
In this article the results of a study of the physico-chemical properties of Lagenaria siceraria in the composition, contains such biologically active compounds as flavonoids, saponins, triterpene glycosides, coumarins and minerals, which may have a hepatoprotective effect are presented.

Ключевые слова: лагенария; гепатопротектор; биологически активные вещества; настойка; lagenaria; hepatoprotectоr; biologically active substances; tincture.

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Bobizoda G.M., Huseinov U.M.
Biological and physico-chemical properties of the composition based on the total extracts of the L., L. and tymogar preparation
The results of studying the physico-chemical and biological properties and experiments to determine the toxic-pharmacological properties of the composition on the basis of the total extracts of plantain large and the preparation of timogar are presented. It was established that the total extracts of herbs and their composition with the preparation of timogar are not toxic within the limits of oral doses to experimental animals (mice)

Ключевые слова: подорожник большой; мята пречная; тимогар; биологически активные вещества; экстракты лекарственных трав; острая токсичность; plantain large; peppermint; timogar; biologically active substances; herbal extracts; acute toxicity.

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Rasulov B.R.
Productivity of soft wheat varieties depending on mineral nitrogen in conditions South-Western Tajikistan
The influence of mineral nitrogen on the productivity of soft wheat varieties Navruz and Atai-85 in irrigated conditions is compared with the case without the use of fertilizers. To study the effect of mineral nitrogen, seeding rates of 100 pcs / m have been adopted. The influence of mineral nutrition on the formation of productive stems, the number of internodes, the total length of productive stems and the productivity of the ear has been established.

Ключевые слова: пшеница; минеральный азот; длина междоузлий; колос; продуктивность; число колосков; число зёрен; wheat; mineral nitrogen; length of interstices; ear; efficiency; number of cones; number of grains.

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Karabaev O.Kh., Khatamov M.T.
Influence of various standards of mineral fertilizers on the productivity of winter wheat in the conditions of old-insertable seedase - the arctic farhadsky massif of Northern Tajikistan
In this article gives an analytical review of the research data on the application of optimal doses of mineral fertilizers on sowings of winter wheat of the Starchina variety in the conditions of the old irrigated sierozem - meadow Farhad massif of Northern Tajikistan.

Ключевые слова: озимая пшеница; удобрения; структура урожая; общая и продуктивная кустистость; коррелятивные связи; winter wheat; fertilizer; crop structure; general and productive bushiness; correlative relationships.

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Ibrokhimov N.Sh.
Growth and development of winter wheat depending on mineral food in the conditions of the Vaksh valley
Researches carried out in the conditions of the irrigated light gray soils of the Vaksh valley specify that growth and development and efficiency of Nowruz winter wheat require entering into the soil of mineral fertilizers norm of N200 P60 K60 kg/hectare. By researches it is established that nitric fertilizers very well influence wheat in a phase of a tillering phase and an exit in a tube at preirrigation humidity of the soil at the level of 70% of the lowest moisture capacity of the soil.

Ключевые слова: рост и развитие пшеницы; минеральное питание; подкормки; влияние удобрений; фазы развития растений; озимая пшеница; продуктивность; growth and development of wheat; mineral food; top dressing; influence of fertilizers; phases of development of plants; winter wheat; efficiency.

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Rashidov N.D., Gulov S.M.
Rational use of fertilizers and its impact on the crop of the vine-grape
In this article the data about the application of various doses of organic-mineral fertilizers of Husaini White and Tayfi pink grapes are presents. It was established that of the five experience options, the optimal rate is the use of N200, P200, K200 and 30 tons of manure once every three years. At the same time, in both varieties, there is an increase in yield, total content of sugars, acids and dry substances, depending on the increase in doses during fertilizer application.

Ключевые слова: виноград; азот; фосфор; калий; навоз; почва; гумус; урожай; grapes; nitrogen; phosphorus; potassium; manure; soil; humus; harvest.

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Ergashev D.D., Komilzoda D.K., Irgashev T.A., Bazarov Sh.E.
Effective norm of local sorgo inliving in the ration of the yarn current
The article presents data on the replacement of the strategic grain feed (corn, wheat, barley) used in feeding of egg hens in the unconventional - sorghum. Presented by the chemical composition of sorghum grown in Tajikistan, and its effective rate of substitution in the diet of egg hens, underlying trading performance of laying hens.

Ключевые слова: яичные куры; сорго; сохранность поголовья; поедаемость; яйценоскость; живая масса; egg chickens; sorghum; livestock safety; eating; egg-laying; live weight.

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Inoyatova N.A., Isakov A.D.
The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Republic of Tajikistan
The article presents the research results on children and adult people of Tajikistan, who have deficit of vitamin D in their body.

Ключевые слова: витамин Д; остеопороз; рахит; иммунитет; ожирение; vitamin D; osteoporosis; rickets; immunity; obesity.

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Azizov B.J.
Surgical treatment of children with external intestinal fistula
The results of surgical treatment of 196 children with external intestinal fistulae (EIF) were analyzed, from them with unformed ones - 104 and with formed ones - 92. In the preoperative period, the type, shape, function and level of the fistula, the degree of endogenous intoxication, enteric insufficiency, the degree of operational and anesthetic risk, the state of homeostasis, the somatic background, dysbiosis and etiologic factor, the same factors optimized the indications for the application of artificial intestinal stoma. The optimal terms for the elimination of the stoma - from 2 to 5 months, taking into account the individual and differentiated approach.

Ключевые слова: наружные кишечные свищи; кишечные стомы; межкишечные анастомозы; дети; external intestinal fistulas; intestinal stoma; intestinal anastomoses; children.

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Dodkhoeva M.F., Olimova F.Z., Saburova K.S.
Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Review of literature on the data of scientists of Tajikistan
This review of the literature suggests that hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are quite frequent complications of gestation that do not tend to decrease. In the conditions of the Republic of Tajikistan, as well as throughout the world, the problem of hypertensive disorders in pregnant women continues to be particularly relevant. The negative impact of pre-eclampsia on pregnancy and perinatal outcomes affects the quality of the subsequent life not only of the mother, but also of the future offspring, which makes the problem socially and medically significant.

Ключевые слова: гипертензивные нарушения; преэклампсия; беременность; частота; hypertensive disorders; preeclampsia; pregnancy; frequency.