of National Academy of Sciences
of Tajikistan

News of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.
Department of Biological Sciences

Известия Академии наук Республики Таджикистан. Отделение биологических и медицинских наук, №2(205), 2019 г.

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F.M.Khudonazarova , D.Navruzshoev
Antioxidant activity Artemisia vachanica Krasch. ex Poljak. In the conditions of the Western Pamir
The article shows the concentration of polyphenols and antioxidant activity in A.vachanica Krasch. ex Poljak. in the Western Pamir. It was revealed that in the Western Pamir the species is rich in terms of these substances. First information on polyphenol and antioxidants of A. vachanica Krasch. ex Poljak. is given.

Ключевые слова: A.vaсhanica Krasch. ex Poljak.; concentration of polyphenols; antioxidant activity.

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Sh.J.Qullaev , M.T.Boboev
Seasonal rhythm of development of Allium trautvetterianum Regel in the Kulob Botanic Garden
The article deals with the seasonal rhythm of development of the bulbaceous acrosympodially accreting polycarpic Allium trautvetterianum Regel (the subgenus Melanocrommyum) when growing in the Kulyab Botanical Garden of the Khatlon Scientific Center, Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in 2010-2015. Duration of vegetation and phenological phases is described. Influence of weather conditions on duration of phenological pahses is shown.

Ключевые слова: Allium trautvetterianum Regel; seasonal rhythm; phenology; vegetation; Kulob Botanical Garden.

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M.D.Navruzbekova , R.S.Felaliev , S.Shomansurov , M.Sh.Odinashoeva
Action of artificial UV rays on the growth of early stage vegetables
In this article shown the results of investigations on the action of different waves and doses of ultraviolet rays on the growth of early stage vegetables on the basis of some kinds of vegetables. The gained results witnessed that real inhibitory influence on the growth of cucumber seedlings revealed only after the prolongation of the action time (after 3 hours). In the case of post - treatment by the longer waves rays, including the blue spectrum it was revealed reparatory effect on the growth of seedlings.

Ключевые слова: UV rays; growth of seedlings; vegetable; pretrea.

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K.Partoev , M.K.Gulov , U.К.Аliev , K.Aliev
About correlation displey of morphological signs of the potato and air temperature
In this article the results of scientific researches on studying of such morphological signs, as weight of stalks, weight of roots and weight of tubers of different genotypes of a potato depending on temperature of air district on vertical ash value are present. It is shown that for display of some morphological signs of a potato - the weight of stalks, weight of roots and weight of tubers makes optimum indicators of temperature 17-23 °С temperature of air deposits during vegetation of plants. It is established that between temperature of air and such morphological signs of a potato as weight of stalks, the weight of roots and weight of tubers is observed weak return correlation communication (r = - 0.276, r = - 0.430, r = -0.784) and it testifies that both with increase, and to fall of temperature of air there is a reduction of indicators of these morphological signs. It is necessary to notice that if the daily average temperature of air has negative influence on morphological signs - weight of stalks, weight of roots and weight of tubers of a potato in the conditions of Tajikistan.

Ключевые слова: potato; ecology; signs; correlation; temperature of air; Tajikistan.

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B.B.Jumaev , M.H.Atoev , Kh.M.Hamroeva , A.Abdullaev
Photosynthesis and photosynthetic metabolism of carbon in different variety of leguminous plants under conditions of drought
In this article experimental data on the influence of soil drought on the intensity of potential photosynthesis (IPPh) and photosynthetic metabolism of carbon in the leaves of different varieties of leguminous plants in the flowering phase are presents. It was shown that in all explored objects the content of the glycolate pathway intermediates (GPI) in the experimental plants was higher than in the control plants. The inclusion of carbon C in PHEP-carboxylation products, including malate, also has this tendency. In general, it was found that the change in the studied parameters of intensity of potential photosynthesis and the photosynthetic metabolism of carbon depending on the effects of soil drought may be due to the mechanism of physiological and biochemical adaptation of plants to these stressful conditions.

Ключевые слова: leguminous plants; soil drought; potential photosynthesis; photosynthetic carbon metabolism; adaptation.

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Kh.I.Bobodzhanova , V.G.Kalmykova , M.M.Dzhuraeva , Kh.A.Abdullaev
Dynamics of the content of plastid pigments in the leaves of grapes growed on different substrates
The results of determining the content of pigments (chlorophylls and carotenoids) per unit wet weight of grape leaves grown on different sterile substrates are presented. It was found that the lowest pigment content is observed in the leaves of different grape varieties grown on a sterile substrate of the bion, and the highest pigment content is observed in the leaves of grapes grown on a sterile substrate bio-soil + sand. It was revealed that the content of plastid pigments per unit of leaf wet weight in all grape varieties, except for the Babatag variety grown on a sterile peat + sand substrate, is approximately the same. Babatag has the lowest pigment content. It is concluded that a change in growing conditions entails a change in the content of photosynthetic pigments in grape leaves.

Ключевые слова: grapes; chlorophyll a; chlorophyll b; carotenoids; sterile substrates.

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N.G.Baratova , Z.B.Davlyatnazarova , I.Abdulsamad , N.Kh.Norkulov , I.S.Kasparova , K.Aliev
Lipides peroxidation of Ipomoea batatas L. plants under salinity
The processes of lipid peroxidation in leaves and roots of sweet potato plants differing in their morphological characteristics and anthocyanins content under chloride salinity were studied. It was shown that the level of malonaldialdehyde (MDA) in a clone №3 with an increased content of anthocyanins is higher than in a clone №13 with a low level of anthocyanins, both in leaves and in roots under conditions of salt stress. It was found that the MDA content in the roots was higher than in the leaves, both in the control and in the experiment.

Ключевые слова: sweet potato; NaCl; MDA; lipid peroxidation; anthocyanins; ROS.

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B.D.Sharipova , A.K.Mirzorahimov
Pharmacological valueproperties of the species of the genus Dianthus L.
The article presents the results of the analysis of the literature on the medicinal significance of species of the genus Dianthus N. It is shown that most species of this genus have therapeutic properties. In general, plants of this genus have antimicrobial, antioxidant, gepotoprotective, anti-tumor properties. In Tajikistan, there are nine species of clove genus, two of which Dianthus tetralepis Nevski and Dianthus caryophyllus is very valuable and should be studied further.

Ключевые слова: Dianthus; medicinal properties; pharmacology.

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A.M.Saburova , H.R.Nasirjonova , U.Y.Sirojidinova , A.H.Saburov
Pro- end antioxidant system and state of vascular endothelium condition in patients withtuberculosis of the lungs
It has been shown that pulmonary tuberculosis is characterized by severe intoxication, leading to oxidative stress, which is manifested by an increase in the blood content of patients with reactive oxygen species, malonic dialdehyde and a decrease in superoxide dismutase activity. Oxidative stress in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis is accompanied by the development of a systemic inflammatory response, which is characterized by impaired metabolic activity of the vascular endothelium, leading to an increase in blood C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, total cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins more pronounced in patients with a stable form of tuberculosis lungs .

Ключевые слова: pulmonary tuberculosis; free radical oxidation; endothelium; fibrinogen; lipoproteins.

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Kh.M.Sobirov , G.M.Bobizoda , I.F.Rahimov
Study of the clinical effective of using of timogar in the complex treatment of therapy of chronic prostatitis
The studies indicate the presence of immune disorders in chronic prostatitis, using the immunomodulatory drugs in the case of chronic prostatitis is one of the ways increasing the effectiveness of treatment of prostatitis.

Ключевые слова: chronic prostatitis; immunological reactions; timogar; therapy.

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R.M.Sharipov , D.M.Mirzoev , H.I.Rajabov , S.A.Rasulov , H.A.Yusupov , S.H.Nazrullozoda , Y.B.Shoimardonov
Isolation of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms in cattle milk
In the article the results of the laboratory diagnosis of the milk samples for isolation of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms with the methods of ring reaction, screening test Mastoprim and bacteriological method that in the results were isolated staphylococcus, streptococcus and E.сoli are presented.

Ключевые слова: milk; mastitis; pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms; laboratory diagnosis; isolation and differentiation of pathogens.

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Use of biological fertilizers in adaptive technology of cultivation of wheat to climate change
In article, influence of mineral, biological and joint types of fertilizers on efficiency of varieties of soft wheat in the irrigated conditions of Dangara district is considered. Shown efficiency of mineral fertilizers for increase in productivity of grain from 7.3 to 10.0 t/hectare in the experimental site. Proved an important role of the biological fertilizers Zerebra Agro and Bigus in the formation of a number of general and productive stems, as well an environmentally friendly grain yield of the studied wheat varieties from 5.2 (Mochi nav) up to 6.4 t/hectare (Fanyan-4).

Ключевые слова: wheat; biological fertilizers; density of standing; ear; efficiency; the mixed fertilizers; mineral fertilizers; productivity.

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Photosynthetic activity of winter wheat in depending of mineral fertilizers in the conditions of Vakhsh valley
It is established that intensity of photosynthesis, is accelerated at introduction of mineral fertilizers. Results of researches show that the photosynthetic potential of Nowruz winter wheat depending on mineral food in the conditions of light gray soils of the Vakhsh valley, in a phase makes shoots on control option - 025 mln.m/ha days, in a phase of a tillering phase and an exit in a tube of 1.46 and 2.07 millions m/ha of days, respectively. On option where it is brought 200 kg/ha 0.37; 1.67; 2.16 million m/ha where the difference makes from 0.12 million m/ha of days, 0.21 and 0.09 million.m/ha of days.

Ключевые слова: results of research; mineral fertilizers; grain crops; influence of fertilizers on growth and development of wheat; photosynthesis process; photosynthetic wheat activity; efficiency of culture.

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Chemical methods of protection of grapes from diseases and its impact on the crop
This article presents data on the sustainability and potential of the vineyards of the varieties Husaini white, Kishmish black and Tayfi pink after being affected by fungal diseases. According to the research it was found that a more resistant variety to diseases is the Tayfi pink variety and the less Kishmish black variety and the Husaini white variety. Basically, all varieties are susceptible to mildew disease (from 0.2 to 2.0 points), can be seen on the leaves and clusters. After carrying out preventive (ISO-5%, BZh-3%) and chemical (Topaz, Kuprosat KS) measures, the yield increased by 21-23% and a conditioned crop (165-176 centners / ha) was obtained in all variants of the study.

Ключевые слова: grapes; variety; diseases; mildew; oidium; agro-measures; harvest.

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B.T.Mirzabekova , S.M.Muhamadieva , A.P.Pulatova , Sh.T.Muminova
Medical and social assessment of pre-natal loss risk factors in he region of high birthrate
The leading causes of perinatal losses are severe asphyxiation and congenital malformations of the fetus, and among premature infants, hyaline membrane disease joins. An audit of perinatal mortality will make it possible to identify reserves for improving the quality of obstetric care and develop recommendations to reduce perinatal morbidity and mortality in the high birth rate region.

Ключевые слова: pre-natallosses; pre-natalmorbidity; mature; premature; in-born off spring malformation; reproductive age.

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Sh.Sh.Burhonov , I.I.Boltabaev , S.Odil , T.G.Gulmurodov
Features of the total correction of tetralogy of Fallot
The work presents the immediate results of surgical treatment of 140 patients with tetralogy of Fallot. The technical feature of total correction of tetralogy of Fallot are described. The criteria for the adequacy of the operation are determined by modifying the indicators of intracardiac hemodynamics. The feasibility of expanding indications for total correction of tetralogy of Fallot is substantiated in children (early age).

Ключевые слова: Tetralogy of Fallot; intracardiac hemodynamic; total and palliative correction; immediate results.

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Z.A.Azizzoda , K.M.Kurbonov , K.R.Nazirboev
Long-term results of surgical treatment of liver echinococcosis and its complications
The article analyzes the results of surgical treatment of 340 patients with liver echinococcosis.The patients were assigned to the control group (n = 170), where traditional open surgical interventions were performed followed by chemotherapy with postoperative albendazole and the main group (n = 170), where minimally invasive interventions were carried out with observance of the principles of anti-parasitism and anti-parasitism during surgeries, as well as chemotherapy with albendazole in the pre- and postoperative period.Relapses of liver echinococcosis were diagnosed in 38 patients. At the same time, in the main group they were observed in 12 (5.5%) patients and in the control group - in 26 (12.1%). All of them underwent radical surgery.

Ключевые слова: liver echinococcosis; relapse; minimally invasive technology; chemotherapy.