of National Academy of Sciences
of Tajikistan

News of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.
Department of Biological Sciences

Известия Академии наук Республики Таджикистан. Отделение биологических и медицинских наук, №4(207), 2019 г.

Article title and abstractPages
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N.M.Safarov , H.H.Hisoriev , Kh.Shermatov
Plant diversity in Tajikistan and present conservation status of their rare and endangered species
There are common plant diversity of Tajikistan and present conservation status of the rare and endangered species are given. From the 267 Red List Book species of Tajikistan, 9 species belong to Algae, 5 species - Lichens, 4 species - Fungi, 8 species - Musci, 6 species - Polypodiophyta, 3 species - Gymnospermae, and more than 230 species - Angiospermae. Among them: 103 are vulnerable species, 89 species are threatened with extinction, 71 species are critically endangered species, and 4 species are extinct species in wildlife.

Ключевые слова: diversity; status; rare; endangered; plant; Tajikistan.

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Features of migration of the siberian ibex (Capra sibirica transalaiana Lorenz, 1906) in Pamir
The article provides information about the analysis of the available data and highlights the migration of the Siberian Ibex in Pamir region. The migration of Siberian Ibex in Rushan, Shugnan, Shahdara and North-Alichur ranges was studied for the first time in Pamir region.

Ключевые слова: migration; Siberian Ibex; Artiodactyls; Rushan range; Shakhdar range; Alichur range.

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General information about bugs - scarabaidae of the Lethrus type (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) in Tajikistan
In the article provides first dates on distribution and ecology of 22 species of lamellar beetles of Tajikistan from the genus Lethrus.

Ключевые слова: Tajikistan; fauna; distribution; ecology; Coleoptera; Scarabaeidae; Lethrus.

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G.D.Garibmamadov , F.I.Rachimov
New data on rare and disappearing types of birds of Tajikistan
The article provides data from the period 2007 to 2019 by species of birds included in the Red Book of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Ключевые слова: status; threatened; rare; vulnerable; small; Tajikistan.

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Z.D.Mavlododova , A.B.Safaralikhonov , O.A.Aknazarov
The influence of water supply and elevation above the sea level on growth dynamics and activity of endogenous growth regulartors in sea buckthorn leaves
In this article we brought up the experimental materials on the influence of water supply and elevation above the sea level on growth dynamics processes and the activity of endogenous growth regulartors in sea buckthorn leaves in the conditions of Western Pamir. It was shown that in sea buckthorn plants that grow in the condition of limited water availability annual shoots growth and leaf size are decreased, at the same time the activity of endogenous growth inhibitors increased in plants leaves as compare to plants that grow in watering conditions. At the same time activity of growth stimulators in sea buckthorn leaves is decreased with increasing of the elevation above the sea level.

Ключевые слова: sea buckthorn; growth; growth regulators; water supply; elevation above the sea level; Western Pamir.

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H.T.Sharipova , N.A.Maniyazova , A.Abdullaev
The effect of combined soil salinization on the yield and quality of wheat grain
In this article the results of study the effect of chloride-phosphate salinization of the soil on the yield and biochemical composition of the grain of various types of wheat are presents. It is established that combined soil salinization significantly affects on grain productivity of the studied objects and the starch and protein content in wheat grain.

Ключевые слова: soil; salinization; wheat; grains; protein; protein.

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M.A.Babadzhanova , A.K.Sayfudinov
Ontogenetic dependence of the influence of kinetin in vitro on the phosphoribulokinase activity of the multi-enzime complex of the Calvin cycle in extracts from leaves of arabidopsis encheim rice and its mutants
The results of long-term experimental studies on the various phases of plant growth effects of different concentrations of kinetina in the reaction medium to fosforiblokinase active multienzyme complex.Established developmental dependence activating effect in vitro on the activity concentration of kinetin fosforibulokinase enzyme complex RFI -PRK.

Ключевые слова: ontogenesis; arabidopsis; mutants; activity; phosphorybulokinase; multienzyme complex; Calvin cycle.

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I.F.Ikromov , Sh.R.Mirzoakhmedov
Methods for treating endometritis in highlyproductive cows
The article provides information on the distribution of postpartum endometritis in cows in livestock farms of the Republic of Tajikistan and determination of the therapeutic efficacy of antimicrobial preparations. It was revealed that with the use of Iodopen and Uteroton, recovery occurred in 83.4% of the animals, the course of treatment was 10-14 days. With the use of Vitagin in combination with Ceftonitis, recovery occurred in 86.4% of the cows, the course of treatment was 10-14 days, fertilization was noted in 85.3% of the cows.

Ключевые слова: endometritis; treatment; dairy cattle breeding; antimicrobial preparations; livestock farms.

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K.Sh.Nasridinov , T.J.Jabborov
Peculiarites of growth. Development of rye of Vakhsh-116 variety, depending on the methods of cultivation
The article presents the results of determining the optimal sowing methods, sowing norms and the seeding depth of rye seeds of the Vakhsh-116 variety in autumn crops and studying their influence on phytometric indicators and productivity in the soil and climatic conditions of the Hissar valley. It was revealed that comb methods of sowing, increasing the seeding rate to 5-6 million/ha and shallow seeding (3-4 cm) contribute to a certain acceleration of the development of rye plants.

Ключевые слова: rye variety Vakhs-116; development growth; productivity; seeding method; seeding rate; depth of seeding.

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G.A.Akhmedjanova , S.M.Mukhamadieva , A.P.Pulatova
Features of contraceptive behavior of women in high birth-rate region
The article analyzes the dynamics of contraceptive use over a ten-year period, establishes the range of modern methods of preventing undesirable pregnancy, their advantages, disadvantages, acceptability and effectiveness, and offers recommendations for expanding access to contraceptive care.

Ключевые слова: contraceptives; COC (combined oral contraceptives); IUD (intrauterine devices; IUD); condoms; subcutaneous implants; implanon; acceptability; effectiveness; benefits; undesirable effects.

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F.D.Kodirov , Sh.Sh.Saidaliev , D.M.Kadyrov , Z.В.Tаbаrоv
Surgical tactics in combination of cicatricial-ulcerative duodenostenosis with penetration of ulcers
Gastric resection with radical excision of the ulcer is indicated for decompensated stenosis, combined with a cicatricial form of penetration, resection for "shutting down" the ulcer for ulcerative infiltrative form of penetration and "low" duodenostenosis. Organ-preserving operations are used depending on the stage of stenosis and the morphological form of penetration.

Ключевые слова: combined complications of peptic ulcer; stenosis; penetration; organ-preserving surgery; resection of the stomach.

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D.K.Mukhabbatov , S.I.Rasulova , F.M.Safolova , A.A.Qaraeva
Surgical treatment of postpartum perineal rupture
The problem of postpartum insufficiency of the anal sphincter remains an urgent problem of coloproctology and gynecology. The reasons for the unsatisfactory results of sphinctrolevatoroplasty are untimely prevention and late diagnosis of postoperative purulent-inflammatory complications. Developed intraoperative preventive measures and monitoring of the postoperative period improve the immediate results of surgical treatment of postpartum perineal rupture.

Ключевые слова: sphincterolevatoroplasty; postpartum rupture of the perineum; postpartum insufficiency of the anal sphincter; purulent-inflammatory complications.

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N.T.Kurbanov , A.G.Gaibov , N.B.Lukyanov
Prevalence and primary prevention of sexually transmitted infections among labor migrants
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have for many years been considered as one of the medical and social problems in the world. There are over 30 different bacteria, viruses and sexually transmitted parasites. STIs, and their complications lead to significant socio-economic costs and are deemed to among the ten most common reasons for seeking medical care, making up an essential item of expenditure for the health sector and households. This leads to conflicts between sexual partners, domestic violence, infertility and an increase in the number of divorces in the families. It is necessary to improve the primary prevention of STIs in risk groups, including sexual workers(both for man and woman), injecting drug users, including family members of migrant workers.

Ключевые слова: prevalence; primary prevention; sexually transmitted infections; external migrants; social significance.