Известия Академии наук Республики Таджикистан. Отделение биологических и медицинских наук, №1(208), 2020 г.
|Article title and abstract||Pages|
|N.S.Saboieva , S.Saboiev |
The inventory and distribution of vegetation types of Ferula L. in the Western Pamir
Based on the obtained results, the article provides information on the distribution of thickets of 4 species of Ferula found in all areas of the Western Pamir. Phytocenotic characteristics are given and the stocks of raw materials are determined for each species.
Ключевые слова: ferula; thickets; stocks of raw materials; stok density; fetocenotic communities; sesquiterpene lactones; coumarins; pitches.
|I.B.Holmatov , H.U.Karimov , A.S.Saidov |
New data on the striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena Linnaeus, 1758) south-west of Tajikistan
The article provides a new data on the status of the population of the rare and endangered species of the suborder of Feliformia - striped hyena on the eastern foothills of the Aktau ridge.
Ключевые слова: striped hyena; Aktau ridge; camera trap.
|S.M.Mukhitdinov , Z.F.Boturova |
Ecology and abundance control of cotton scoops (Heliothis armigera Hbn.) in different stations
in the Kulyab zone
The article cited data on the ecology and control of the number of cotton scoops (Heliothis armigera Hbn.) in the conditions of the Kulyab zone of Tajikistan.
Ключевые слова: cotton scoop; ecology; station; zone.
|Kh.I.Bobodzhanova , V.G.Kalmykova |
Growing conditions effect on the content of photosynthetic pigments in grape leaves
The results of studies of the content of photosynthetic pigments in the leaves of two grape varieties obtained by microclonal propagation upon adaptation on sterile substrates are presented.
It was found that the lowest pigment content is observed in the leaves of grapes of Sohibi and Ranniy Kibraiskiy grades, when grown on a biona-111 substrate. On all three substrates, the content of chlorophyll in the leaves of both grape varieties is almost the same, and the content of carotenoids in the Sohibi variety is higher than in the Ranniy Kibraiskiy variety.
Ключевые слова: grapes; in vitro; ex vitro; in vivo; chlorophyll a; chlorophyll b; carotenoids; sterile substrates.
|F.Yu.Nasyrova , M.Nigmonov |
The problem of soft wheat domestication (T.aestivum)
The comparative analysis of literature literary sources regarding the origin of soft wheat in Tajikistan is carried out according to the results of archaeobotanical and molecular genetic studies. The issues of establishing phylogenetic relationships of domesticated species of the genus Triticum, their origin and ways of domestication in the places where their wild relatives grow, introduction to culture, as well as the search for ancestral forms of cultivated wheat are discussed.
Ключевые слова: soft wheat; domestication; wild species; agriculture.
|I.F.Ikromov , Sh.R.Mirzoakhmedov |
Efficiency of use of Uteroton for prevention
of cows post-birth endometritis
Data on the use of Uterotone for the prevention of postpartum endometritis are presented and it was found that a single administration of the drug at a dose of 10 ml per animal during the first hours after birth reduces the incidence of cows by subinvolution of the uterus and postpartum endometritis.
Ключевые слова: cows; endometritis; uterine subinvolution; effectiveness; prevention.
|T.N.Nabiev , А.J.Asrorov |
Mineral nutrition and soybean and mung bean productivity
The result of studying the features of mineral nutrition and the productivity of soy bean and mash in the conditions of grey-brown medium-stony soils of Northern Tajikistan are presented. In the experiment, higher NPK content, consumption and removal, and soybean and mash grain yield were obtained by applying mineral nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers in the norm NP.
Ключевые слова: soybean; mung bean; mineral fertilizer; nitrogen content; phosphorus; potassium; nutrient removal; productivity; grain yield.
|F.G.Murodmamadov , A.B.Safaralikhonov , O.A.Aknazarov |
Productivity of tomato hybrid varieties in greenhouses heated by pamir's geothermal water
In this article, we brought up the experimental materials on growth and productivity of hybrid sorts of tomato in greenhouses that work on heat of geothermal waters in highlands condition. It shows that investigated sorts are very perspective and fulfilment of agro technical norms during cultivation in conditions of protected ground it can be obtain high yield and ecological fresh product.
Ключевые слова: tomato; growth; productivity; geothermal greenhouses.
|A.Q.Abdulamonov , S.T.Saidov , Q.Abdulamonov |
About testing of spring old local varieties of soft wheat of Afghan Badakhshan
In this article the results of variety testing of the best five local old - fashioned spring soft wheat of Afghan Badakhshan are presented. It was showing that only the Pandaki wheat variety significantly outweighs the standard variety in terms of the total dry mass and grain field and is promising for introduction in the GBAO farms. The relatively high yield of the variety is associated with productive bushiness number and weight of the grain.
Ключевые слова: soft wheat; old local varieties; test; the yield of total dry mass; grain yield.
|S.R.Sanginov , N.S.Sangova |
The influence of the tillage depth and the use of organic manure on the microbiological activity of old-irrigated soils
The data on bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes, decomposing the organic matter of manure with a changing in the depth of tillage in the conditions of old-irrigated soils are presents.
Ключевые слова: plowing; depth; manure; humification; mineralization; bacteria; fungi; actinomycetes.
|S.M.Muhamadieva , M.S.Rustamova , M.Kh.Kurbanova , S.S.Negmatova , M.Kh.Badalova |
Features of metabolic changes in women with climacteric disorders in region with high birth rate
The results of the study conducted witness that patients with menopause metabolic syndrome who have low social status and high frequency of somatic pathology have early menopause presents. Significant neuro-vegetative, psycho-emotional and metabolic disorders (lipid and carbon exchange), and development factors of menopause metabolic syndrome were determined.
Ключевые слова: climacteric age; metabolic menopause syndrome; neuro-vegetative disorders; psycho-emotional; metabolic disorders; carbon exchange; overburden inheritance; correlation analysis.
|Z.G.Hasanov , F.I.Odinaev , Sh.F.Odinaev |
Hygienic background of the prevalence of parasitic
diseases in the population of the Republic of Tajikistan
The main sources and routes of entry of helminthic eggs into the human body have been studied; these are environmental objects - soil, water of reservoirs, wastewater, from where they get into table greens, food products (vegetables, fruits, berries), dirty hands. Invasive material (helminthic eggs, tapeworm segments, lamblia cysts) enter the soil with human and animal feces.
The high degree of contamination of the main sources and routes of transmission of helminthic eggs (soil, plant products, washings from hands, tableware) creates the prerequisites for infection of the population with helminthic eggs with the development of parasitic diseases.
Ключевые слова: helminthes; helminthic eggs; contamination.
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