of National Academy of Sciences
of Tajikistan

News of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan.
Department of Biological Sciences

Известия Национальной академии наук Таджикистана. Отделение биологических наук, №1(212), 2021 г.

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Diversity, ecological and geographical distribution features of Сlosterium species (Streptophyta) in Tajikistan
A new and generalized data on diversity and ecological features of species distribution of Closterium in Tajikistan water bodies are given. Recently 25 species, 5 interspecies and 6 forms of this genera were found in Tajikistan water bodies. Among them Сlosterium leibleinii Kütz. ex Ralfs, C.pritchardianum Arch. are wide distributed in different types of Tajikistan water bodies, but Closterium acutum (Lyngb.) Brеb., C.libellula Focke ex Ralfs and С.lineatum Ehr. ex Ralfs - fixed as rare species.

Ключевые слова: diversity; ecology; geography; species; Closterium; water bodies; Tajikistan.

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S.Rakhimov , J.Zarifi
Ontogenesis individuals of Inula macrophylla Kar. et Kir.
The paper presents results studying the features the ontogenesis of individuals . This is species is one edifiers of semi-savanna of South Tajikistan. Established that the ontogenesis of individuals complete (p-s), individuals consistently pass all ontogenetic states. According to rate development the generative period longest.The duration of complete ontogenesis is no more than 35 years.

Ключевые слова: Inula macrophylla; ontogeny; large-leaved elecampane; developmental period.

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M.Chorshanbieva , D.Navruzshoev
Cutting of some of garden roses variety in heating conditions of the Pamir Botanical Garden
The article presents data on reproduction from the group of hybrid tea varieties of garden roses Interflora (Interflora), Rose Gogar (Rose Gaujar) Navoi (Navoi) in the greenhouse conditions of the Pamir Botanical Garden (PBS). Revealed that the most effective breeding of roses, by grafting in greenhouse conditions.

Ключевые слова: vegetative propagation; cuttings; varieties of roses.

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Y.Yusupov , N.Khaydarova
Morphology of root system of Allium altissimum in cultivation
The article dwells on the results obtained in the process of studying the room system of the wild onion of the form A.аltissimum Rgl. under the conditions of cultivation. For the first times the authors of the given word identified the ability of the species in question to evolve naked thickened roots without a formation of lateral offshoots being a biological peculiarity of the plant.

Ключевые слова: morphology; ovary bulbs; root structure; soil depth.

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А.S.Saidov , Sh.R.Mirzobakhodurova , S.MiChel
Population status and conservation issues ofgoitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa Guldenstaedt, 1780) in Northern Tajikistan
The article assesses the state of the population of goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa Guldenstaedt, 1780) preserved in Northern Tajikistan in the desert and semi-desert zone of the right bank of the «Bahri Tojik» reservoir.

Ключевые слова: gazele; right bank of the "Bahri Tojik" reservoir; sex and age composition of the population; protection issues.

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The status of the population of the sibirian ibex (Capra sibirica Pallas, 1976) in Rushan mountain range (Pamir)
The article presents information on the population status of ibex around village Ravmeddara on the Rushan range. The data obtained in the period 2009-2017 indicates a stable growth of the population of Siberian ibex in the study area.

Ключевые слова: Siberian ibex; Rushan range; protection; Artiodactyls; number.

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Morphological analysis of three species of the butterflies (Leidoptera: Lycaenidae, Satyridae) from the Pamir
In the article provides date about the morphological features of the wing pattern of , (Lycaenidae) and i (Nymphalidae) collected in the Western and Eastern Pamirs. Also confirmed data on the presence of transitional forms between the subspecies (ssp. and ssp. ) in Tajikistan.

Ключевые слова: rhopalocera; fauna of Lepidoptera; taxonomy; Pamir.

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Bioecological characteristics of the eastern breed (Berg, 1949of the lower reaches of the Vakhsh river
This article is devoted studying of a Abramis brama orientalis (Berg, 1949) in the lower reaches of the Vakhsh river. The study found that the eastern bream is currently found in the lower reaches of the Vakhsh river and some lakes of the Tigrovaya Balka nature reserve. Information is also provided on the morphological features, growth rate, age, reproduction, nutrition and abundance of eastern bream.

Ключевые слова: Abramis brama orientalis; Vakhsh river; lakes of the reserve "Tigrovaya balka"; morphology; growth; age; distribution.

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Z.Khabirov , N.Mirzorajabzoda
To the fauna of blood-drying monkets of Gissar valley
This article deals with the data on the species composition and distribution of 36 species of blood-sucking biting midges belonging to 7 genera, their distribution at collection points on the northern and southern outskirts of the Hissor Valley, and their correlation in these points by genera. Thus, the Gissar valley and the foothills of the southern slope of the Gissar range are likely to be rich in species relative to other areas of southern Tajikistan.

Ключевые слова: blood-sucking biting midges; species composition; Gissar valley; seasonal dynamics; Tajikistan.

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V.A.Ganizoda , Z.Sh.Eshonova , M.M.Yakubova
Indicators of the leaf area in varieties and lines of wheat depending on the conditions of growing and the background of the nutrition of plants
The article presents the results of a study on the study of leaf area in varieties and lines of common wheat (T.aestivum L.), depending on the growing conditions. It was found that the maximum leaf area of wheat varieties and lines under all growing conditions falls on the heading phase. It was revealed that the Orien variety under all growing conditions has the best indicators of leaf area (from 70.8 to 89.9 cm/plant).

Ключевые слова: varieties; lines; leaf area; wheat; fertilizer.

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Yu.T.Kobilov , Kh.T.Sharipova , N.A.Maniyazova , A.Abdullaev
Yield structure mapping lines of wheat from the world collection in different natural-climatic zones of Tajikistan
The yield structure mapping lines of wheat from world collection of N.I.Vavilov VIR in different ecological regions of the Republic of Tajikistan are studied. The obtained data show that, depending on the climatic zones of Tajikistan, located at different heights above sea level, the height of plants, as well as the parameters of the crop structure - "ear length", "ear weight", "number of spikelets in an ear", "grains per ear", "weight of grains per ear" and "weight of 1000 grains" change.

Ключевые слова: wheat; environmental conditions; plant height; ear length; ear weight; number of grains in ear; weight of grains from ear; weight of 1000 seeds.

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N.Dilovarova , N.Kh.Norkulov , U.K.Aliev , M.Kh.Shukurova , K.Aliev
Formation of photosynthetic pigments in conditions in vitro and ex vitro of solanum tuberosum L. regenerant plants
The content of photosynthetic pigments on Solanum tuberosum L. plant-regenerants was studied under in vitro and ex vitrо conditions. It was found that in vitro and ex vitro the content of chlorophylls (a + b) and their ratio, as well as the content of carotenoids, differ significantly, which has a certain effect on the assembly of the light harvesting complex (LSC) of the photosystem and is one of the indicators of plant adaptation to stress factors. It was shown that, under conditions of water deficit, the proportion of Chl a in the total pigment content decreases to a greater extent than Chl b, regardless of the plant genotype.

Ключевые слова: clone-hybrid; potato; chlorophyll; carotenoids; water deficiency; polyethylene glycol-6000.

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M.D.Alidodov , M.S.Norov
Agrotechnical techniques of cultivation of silphium pronzenolistnoy (Silphium perfolatium L.) for seeds in the conditions of the Western Pamir
In this article brought result of the research study on the seed productivity of the Silphium perfolatum in dependence of methods of planting in the conditions of Western Pamir. The result of the study shows that period and methods of the planting have observable effect on the productivity of the seeds. Moreover it is installed that on, seed productivity of the plant observable influence renders contributing organic and mineral fertilizers.

Ключевые слова: silphium perfolatium; methods of planting; productivity; sowing; yield seeds.

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B.R.Rasulov , M.I.Ismoilov
Influence of the temperature factor on the productivity of soft wheat varieties in Southwest Tajikistan
In article considers the influence of climatic conditions of the Dangara district on the growth and development of soft winter wheat varieties Navruz, Safedaki mahalli, Krasnjdar-99 and Mohi nav. The obvious influence of climatic conditions and genetic characteristics of wheat varieties is established on the formation of spike productivity elements and grain yield from 34.44 centner per hectare (Safedaki mahalli) to 57.56 centner per hectare (Mohi nav).

Ключевые слова: wheat; variety; productivity; phenology; climate; grain weight; spike length; productivity.

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A.O.Abdulloev , F.Chsaidov , D.B.Nazarov , F.M.Azizov , S.N.Sangaliev
Combined immunization of sheep and goats against PPR and pasteurellosis in the regions of republican subordination of the Republic of Tajikistan
Considering that plague of small ruminants in Tajikistan most often occurs in a mixed form, namely with pasteurellosis, we considered it expedient to study the possibilities of combined immunization of sheep and goats against these infections. The article presents data on the results of the combined immunization of sheep and goats against plague and pasteurellosis of small ruminants in the conditions of distant pasture management of sheep in the regions of republican subordination of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Ключевые слова: combined immunization; sheep and goats; plague of small ruminants; pasteurellosis; epizootology; diagnostics; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

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